Makar Sankranti 2023: Know Why It Is Celebrated?

Makar Sankranti 2023_Lineology

Makar Sankranti 2023: Know Why It Is Celebrated?

When is Makar Sankranti in 2023?

Makar Sankranti(మకర సంక్రాంతి) is a festival celebrated in several parts of India around the middle of January.Based on the solar calendar this year, Makar Sankranti falls on January 14th, closely following the Georgian calendar. On this day, the sun is supposed to move into the Makara constellation or zodiac sign, which is Capricorn.

“Sankranti” means “Movement”. Everything that we recognise as life is in motion. The term “Makar Sankranti” refers to the Sun’s change in direction as it moves towards the north, marking the conclusion of the winter solstice and the start of the summer solstice, when days are longer and nights are shorter. The celebration marks the conclusion of the winter harvest season and the start of the new harvest season.

Makar Sankranti 2023: History and Importance

The Puranas and the Mahabharata are just two of the Hindu literature that mentions Makar Sankranti. There are different stories surrounding the festival. According to legend, the evil monster Sankarasur used to torture and kill people on Earth without cause. When goddess Sankranti heard about it, she flew down to earth and slew the devil. Sankranti is hence supposed to be a festival celebrating the destruction of the monstrous Sankarasur.

According to a different legend, Lord Shani, the son of Lord Surya, had a hostile relationship. As Capricorn is the zodiac sign of the God Shani, father visits son on this auspicious day to begin anew as their differences are settled and their relationships are strengthened. It is therefore, regarded as a festival and a day of new beginnings.

It is also believed that anyone who dies during Makar Sankranti is also said to enter heaven and never experience rebirth. Religious traditions such as the Mahabharata make reference to this, describing how Bhishma Pitamah, despite being wounded in battle, survived until Sankranti so that he might happily depart into heaven.

Importance of Sankranti :

The day is recognized as a divine homage to Lord Surya since it is known as a day of blessings and a newfound sense of optimism. Farmers get ready to sow seeds for summer crops since Makar Sankranti signals the beginning of the summer solstice. The festival is said to be the ideal time to pray for peace and prosperity while atoning for misdeeds. Thus, a large number of people bathe in the holy waters of the Ganga, Yamuna, Krishna, Godavari, or Cauvery. This is the time when enemies are patched up and peace is made.

Sankranti is thought to be of significant significance to yogis and sages as well since it is a day that is fortunate for beginnings in their spiritual journeys and most of them view it as the best day to move on from the past and move forward in life.

Makar Sankranti Traditions :

This festival is known as a celebration of truth and virtue because many believe that while day represents truth, virtue, and religion, night represents sin, deception, and wrongdoing. Uttarayan, then, is daytime for gods and other divine beings. The Trinity is dressed in a Makar Chaurashi religious outfit on this day, and a Bela is also planned at the temple of Lord Jagannath.

On the day of Sankranti, beautiful and vibrant rangolis are painted in front of houses. Cows and bulls are cleaned, adorned, and worshipped in rural areas. Flying kites is a distinctive celebration and a feature of this event that is observed nationwide. On this day, spectators feast their eyes on the kite-flying prowess. Flying kites is a joyful activity, but it has a profound underlying meaning that claims that as they soar high in the sky, humans are represented by them as they express gratitude to all the gods for their blessings.

Makar Sankranti: Astrological Analysis :

While Sankranti is a solar event, the Hindu calendar is based on lunar placements. Sankranti is the day that the Sun enters a new Zodiac sign or rashi. There is a total of 12 Sankranti each year. The most important Sankranti is Makar Sankranti, which is celebrated under several names all over India. Makar Sankranti is incredibly significant astrologically. In our solar system, the sun is how cosmic light manifests itself. Sun, which stands for the Soul, is another crucial element in defining spiritual life. Every person’s ultimate goal is to progress together with their soul.

In astrology, the Sun is the father of Saturn the two are not friendly and have a hostile relationship. The Sun is a symbol of brightness, whereas Saturn is a symbol of darkness. There will never be darkness where there is light. The truth is that because the natures of both are so incompatible, they can never coexist. While the Sun represents ego and dominance, Saturn represents service and humility. Saturn is a subordinate to the Sun, who is the King. Thus, the time shows us that the monarch must learn to be humble and modest if he is to elevate his soul spiritually. It is a time of internal turmoil where you attempt to shift your focus away from simplicity and service and toward authority and power.

Things to do on Makar Sankranti

  • Donate Black til and Gur to a temple or a person in need.
  • Rise early, before daybreak, take a bath, and do the Surya Namaskar.
  • Donate to old age and orphan shelters.
  • Recite Surya Mantra ऊँ भास्कराय नम: 108 times.
  • Have the Khichiri meal. This represents cultivating simplicity in your actions and routines.


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If you want to know more about other Pongal festival click below:

Pongal 2023: The Best Ways To Celebrate This Auspicious Festival


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